Prime Minister Viktor Orbán met with Pope Francis at the annual meeting of the International Catholic Legislators Network.
The prime minister attended the annual meeting, which provides the largest forum for Catholic lawmakers, in Frascati, near Rome on Sunday.
PM Orbán also held talks with Christian leaders from the Middle East, where they discussed persecution of Christians in the region.
The prime minister said that Hungary speaks out against the persecution of Christians in the Middle East, the most vulnerable Christians in the world, and is ready to support communities at risk, he added.
The leaders attending the talks included Ignatius Joseph III Yonan, the Patriarch of Antioch for the Syriac Catholic Church; Patriarch Moran Mor Bechara Boutros al-Rahi; Jean-Clement Jeanbart, the Melkite Greek Catholic Archbishop of Aleppo; Moran Mor Ignatius Aphrem II, the patriarch of the Syriac Orthodox Church; and Anba Gabriel, a Coptic bishop.